su - temporary become superuser or another user
su [-[e]] [user [shell-arguments ...]]
Su can be used to temporarily run a shell under the identity of the
superuser or another user. Unless the caller is a member of the operator
group, one is prompted for the password of the user-to-be. Calls that
need a password are logged, whether they succeed or not. The default
user is root. Further arguments are handed to the shell. By default the
shell started is the shell of the invoker, and the environment is passed
on as is.
The activities of su are logged through syslog(3) under Minix-vmd.
- Constructs a new environment consisting of the PATH, USER, LOGNAME,
HOME, SHELL, TERM, TERMCAP, and TZ variables. The environment is
the same as on a normal login, except that TERM, TERMCAP and TZ are
copied from the current environment if set. The current working
directory is changed to the user home directory, the shell of the
user-to-be is run, and it is started as a login shell, with the
first character a minus sign.
-e Like above, but the shell is started normally, not as a login shell.
sh(1), login(1), syslog(3).
Kees J. Bot <firstname.lastname@example.org>